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H. 511 has already been approved by the state’s House of Representatives, meaning it will soon be sent to Governor Phil Scott, who’s expected to quickly sign the measure into law. If he does, the possession of up to an ounce of marijuana, and the personal cultivation of up to two mature (or four immature) plants would be legal for those 21 and older. H. 511 would make Vermont the ninth state to legalize marijuana, and the first to do so through the legislature (all other states have legalized through the initiative process).
“This is a big step forward for Vermont,” says Matt Simon, New England political director for the Marijuana Policy Project. “Vermonters should be proud that their state is becoming the first to do this legislatively, rather than by ballot initiative.”
57% of Vermont voters support legalizing marijuana, with just 39% opposed, according to a statewide survey conducted in March by Public Policy Polling.
“This will be an important milestone for the legalization movement”, says Matthew Schweich, interim executive director of the Marijuana Policy Project. “When Gov. Scott signs this legislation, Vermont will become the first state in the country to end marijuana prohibition through legislative action.” Schweich says that; “Now that yet another state has rejected marijuana prohibition, there is even more pressure for Congress to take action to prevent any federal interference from Attorney General Jeff Sessions. It’s time for the federal government to respect the authority of states to determine their own marijuana policies.”
Vermont isn’t the only state currently attempting to legalize through the legislative process, as just yesterday New Hampshire’s House of Representatives approved a similar measure.
The post Vermont Senate Approves Bill to Legalize Marijuana, Already Passed House, Governor Expected to Sign appeared first on TheJointBlog.
In total the Kentucky Department of Agriculture approved 12,018 acres of industrial hemp for the year. The hemp will be used for research purposes.
The over 12,000 acres will be grown by 225 approved farmers. The number is up from the 209 farmers approved last year.
Of the 225 farmers, 185 stated that their focus will be research on floral material. 103 said their primary focus will be grain or seed research, and 66 said fiber research.
The 12,018 approved acres is far more than roughly 3,200 acres of hemp grown in 2017.
According to congressional research, the U.S. imports half a billion dollars in hemp each year from other countries despite the plant being illegal for farmers in the nation to grow themselves. The same research estimates the hemp market to consist of over 25,000 various products.
The post Kentucky Approves Over 12,000 Acres of Hemp for 2018 appeared first on TheJointBlog.
Hemp Processing Plant Receives State Funding in New York, First in U.S. to Receive Government Assistance
The facility is the first such venue in the U.S. to receive government assistance. According to WIVT, a local TV station in Binghamton where the plant will be located, the state is giving an initial investment of $650,000. The funding is coming as part of an initiative by Governor Andrew Cuomo to start a hemp processing plant in the Southern Tier.
“The emerging industrial hemp industry has the power to transform the agricultural economy,” Governor Cuomo said following the announcement of the investment.
“[I]t’s a very important development that we are promoting”, says,Assemblymember Donna Lupardo.
The $650,000 is the first of New York’s $5 million fund designated to boost the industrial hemp industry.
The post Hemp Processing Plant Receives State Funding in New York, First in U.S. to Receive Government Assistance appeared first on TheJointBlog.
House Bill 656, introduced last session by Represenative Glen Aldrich (R-Gilford), would make possession of three-quarters of an ounce of marijuana legal for those aged 21 and older. Home cultivation of up to three mature and three immature plants would also be legalized. It passed the House today with a vote of 207 to 139.
“The House deserves tremendous credit for taking this reasonable step forward”, says Matt Simon, the New England political director for the Marijuana Policy Project. “Most Granite Staters understand that marijuana is less harmful than alcohol, and they’re ready to see it treated that way. Allowing adults 21 and older to grow a few plants without penalty will give them a much-needed alternative to buying from illicit dealers.”
Last year, the New Hampshire Legislature voted overwhelmingly to replace criminal penalties for simple marijuana possession with civil penalties. Governor Chris Sununu (R) signed the bill into law.
Eight states have enacted laws legalizing and regulating marijuana for adult use, including Massachusetts and Maine, all through ballot initiatives. The Vermont House approved a measure that would make marijuana possession and limited home cultivation legal for adultson Thursday, and it is expected to pass in the Senate tomorrow. A poll conducted by the University of New Hampshire Survey Center in April and May of 2017 found that 68% of Granite Staters support legalizing marijuana.
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The renewed effort comes after U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced that he’s rescinding the Obama-era Cole Memo which gave some protection to state-authorized cannabis outlets. Assemblymember Jones-Sawyer’s proposal, Assembly Bill 1578, was approved by the state’s Assembly in June by a vote of 41 to 33. Later that month it was approved by a Senate committee 5 to 2, but has since stalled.
“The impacts of this ill-conceived and poorly executed war are still being felt by communities of color across the state,” Assemblymember Jones-Sawyer said in a statement. “The last time California supported the federal government’s efforts, families were torn apart and critical state resources were used to incarcerate more black and brown people than ever before in the history of our state.”
If passed into law, Assembly Bill 1578 would prohibit state and local agencies from using “money, facilities, property, equipment, or personnel to assist a federal agency to investigate, detain, detect, report, or arrest a person for commercial or noncommercial marijuana or medical cannabis activity that is authorized by law in the State of California”, unless there is a court order signed by a judge. It would also prevent them from responding to a request “made by a federal agency for personal information about an individual who is authorized to possess, cultivate, transport, manufacture, sell, or possess for sale marijuana or marijuana products or medical cannabis or medical cannabis products, if that request is made for the purpose of investigating or enforcing federal marijuana law.”
In addition, State and local agencies would not be allowed to “Provide information about a person who has applied for or received a license to engage in commercial marijuana or commercial medical cannabis activity pursuant to MCRSA or AUMA”, or “Transfer an individual to federal law enforcement authorities for purposes of marijuana enforcement or detain an individual at the request of federal law enforcement for conduct that is legal under state law.”
The full text of Assembly Bill 1578 can be found by clicking here.
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The survey, conducted in October and released today, finds that support for legalization has risen 4% from last year (57%), and has nearly doubled since 2000 (31%).
“As in the past, there are wide generational and partisan differences in views of marijuana legalization”, says Abigail Geiger from PRC . “Majorities of Millennials (70%), Gen Xers (66%) and Baby Boomers (56%) say the use of marijuana should be legal. Only among the Silent Generation does a greater share oppose (58%) than favor (35%) marijuana legalization.”
According to the poll, nearly seven in 10 Democrats say marijuana use should be legal, as do 65% of independents. By contrast, 43% of Republicans favor marijuana legalization, while 55% are opposed. Among Republicans and Republican-leaning independents, those younger than 40 favor legalizing marijuana use, 62% to 38%. Republicans ages 40 to 64 are divided (48% say it should be legal, 49% illegal), while those 65 and older oppose marijuana legalization by more than two-to-one (67% to 30%).
Sizable majorities of Democrats and Democratic leaners younger than 40 (79%) and 40 to 64 (70%) favor marijuana legalization. Older Democrats – those 65 and older – are more divided (50% favor legalization, 42% oppose it).
The poll comes just a day after Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced that he’s rescinding the Obama-era Cole Memo which directs federal law enforcement to respect states’ marijuana legalization laws.
The post New Pew Research Center Poll Finds 61% of American Voters Support Legalizing Marijuana appeared first on TheJointBlog.
“I have set the date for voters to decide the medical marijuana issue to be the June 26 primary election”, Governor Mary Fallin announced today. Governor Fallin had the option of putting the measure – State Question 788 – to a vote of the people in June, or in November during the general election. The governor was given this choice following a successful signature gathering campaign which forced the state to put the medical cannabis legalization measure to a vote of the people.
The proposed law would allow patients to possess up to three ounces of cannabis (eight in a private residence) and up to 72 ounces of cannabis edibles. They would also be allowed to grow up to six mature cannabis plants, in addition to six seedlings. The measure states that “A regulatory office shall be established under the Oklahoma State Department of Health which will receive applications for medical license recipients, dispensaries, growers, and packagers within sixty (60) days of the passage of this initiative.” Cannabis would be taxed at 7%.
In 2016 Governor Fallin signed a far more limited cannabis-related measure into law, House Bill 2835 , allowing those with certain medical conditions who receive a recommendation from a physician to possess and use cannabis oil, given it has no more than 0.3% THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
The post Oklahoma: Initiative to Legalize Medical Cannabis Placed on June 26 Ballot appeared first on TheJointBlog.
By Robert Bergman, ILoveGrowingMarijuana.comWhat are the differences between THC and CBD? Here’s a look.
When you first start smoking weed, you hear the acronyms THC and CBD a lot. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the two main active cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. There are over one hundre other cannbinoids such as THC-V, THC-A, and CBN, but if you’re first starting out you should primarily concern yourself with the first two, at least for now. Cannabinoids are these neat little compounds that interact with the endocannabinoids that naturally occur in your body. Though they are both cannabinoids, there are quite a few differences between THC and CBD. For instance…CBD is Non Psychoactive
This is one of the biggest differences between THC and CBD. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid; it’s the one that gets you baked. You know that heavy and relaxing feeling that you get after smoking some OG Kush? That can be attributed to THC. CBD on the other hand, is considered to be non psychoactive. This doesn’t mean that you feel nothing after using a high CBD strain or oil, quite the contrary. You won’t experience a noticeable change in your mood, but your body will feel uplifted and just all around. If you were feeling like you’re coming down with a cold prior to smoking, CBD will make you feel better almost instantly. Hence one of the reasons why CBD strains are more popular among medical cannabis usersCBD has Antipsychotic Properties
Sometimes when you smoke a high THC strain you might feel a little off. You might feel a little paranoid, you might have trouble concentrating, maybe your brain feels a little too slowed down, or maybe you feel dizzy. Regardless the effect, it seems that you got too high. The nice thing about CBD is that it can counteract some of those negative effects, and in some cases erase them entirely. High CBD strains are an excellent choice for first timers or those who haven’t figured out what their limits are.CBD was Discovered First
A lot of people are inclined to believe that THC and CBD were discovered at the same time, or that THC was discovered first This is another of the biggest differences between THC and CBD. CBD was discovered by American scientist Roger Adams, a chemist at the University of Illinois, some 20 years before. THC was actually discovered later by Israeli scientist and college professor Raphael Mechoulam back in the sixties. Mechoulam, better known as the father of cannabinoid research, is quite the extraordinary man. You can read an interesting interview with Dr. Mechoulam here. Amazing as he is, he is often mistakenly credited with discovering both.CBD Doesn’t Cause Anxiety
While some strains of high THC cannabis seem to cause endless anxiety in some, CBD does not cause any anxiety. Strains with low amounts of THC and high amounts of CBD are often used to treat anxiety, and I can tell you from experience that they are extremely good at it. The next time you are feeling some anxiety, try reaching for a CBD strain like ACDC rather than your usual THC strain. You will notice the difference and you’ll feel a lot better.CBD Energizes You More
This is one of the differences between THC and CBD that a lot of people don’t know about. After consuming certain strains of THC, you’ve probably felt a little tired. This is because of the psychoactive effects of THC. This is why it is commonly used as a sleep aid. That’s great when you’re looking to go to sleep, but if you’re looking for a strain to pep you up and get you ready for the day, then you should try a CBD strain instead. You will notice that you feel more energized, with none of the fogginess that comes with using some other strains. Here’s another little secret: they’re great for hangovers. They say the best cure for a hangover is time, well add a little CBD to that and you are golden.
So as you can see, CBD has a lot of uses, and is in fact, quite helpful. CBD is what helps to heal the body, hence why it’s so popular among medical users. Try some today and it will change your life, I promise.
In the U.S. marijuana is now legal in eight states for recreational use, and dozens for medical purposes. Using data collected by Leafly, below is a list of the top 10 most popular marijuana strains for the start of 2018.
Anyone who has consumed cannabis for any amount of time will likely find Blue Dream’s placement on this list unsurprising (especially those in states with legal marijuana stores). This sativa-dominant strain has remained one of the most popular for years, and is a mainstay in almost all marijuana stores and dispensaries. The popularity of this strain – a cross between the indica-dominant Blueberry strain and the sativa-dominant Haze strain – is well earned, with it’s smooth, uplifting high, and it’s delicious blueberry-tinged taste and smell.
Sour Diesel is another long-term mainstay of the cannabis world. With Super Skunk and Chemdawg lineage, this strain is best known for its strong diesel-like smell, and potent, energetic high.
This hybrid – a cross between OG Kush and Durban Poison – has bursted onto the scene in recent years. With it’s excellent taste and smell, and its powerful high, this relative newcomer has quickly become more popular than legendary strains like OG Kush and White Widow.
Despite an unfortunate name Green Crack is a growingly popular and respected strain. It has an extremely energetic high and powerful body buzz, and its sweet, ofttimes citrusy flavor and smell make it stand out from the crowd.
OG Kush is known the world around. The classic combo of Hindu Kush and Chemdawg has an earthy and piney flavor, and has one of the most sought after marijuana strains for years.
As far as indica-dominant strains go, Granddaddy Purple is one of the most vaunted. An excellent mix of Big Bud and Purple Urkle, this strain has a sweet, often berry-like flavor. Most people know this strain for its dense, kiefy nuggets.
Jack Herer – named after the legendary activist and author – is a sativa-dominant cross between Northern Lights and Shiva Skunk. It has a piney smell and flavor with a backdrop of citrus, and a smooth, even high.
White Widow’s popularity is due to its energetic, uplifting and powerful high; its uniquely earthy flavor and smell also help it stand out. This strain is a mix between South American Sativa and South Indian Indica.
Gorilla Glue #4 has shot into prominence over the past few years. It won the 2014 Los Angeles and Michigan Cannabis Cups, as well as the High Times Jamaican Cannabis World Cup. Given its status as a balanced and tasty hybrid, it’s likely to remain popular for years to come.
Bubba Kush is a powerful indica-dominant strain that has remained popular for years, and doesn’t seem to be going away anytime soon.
The post The 10 Most Popular Marijuana Strains to Start 2018 appeared first on TheJointBlog.
A bill already approved by the Vermont Senate that would make marijuana legal for adults was passed today by the Vermont House of Representatives with some minor amendments. It will now go to the Senate for a final concurrence vote before being transmitted to Governor Phil Scott. In December, Governor Scott indicated that he intends to sign H. 511 into law.
If H. 511 is signed into law, it would eliminate Vermont’s civil penalty for possessing one ounce or less of marijuana and remove penalties for possession of up to two mature marijuana plants and up to four immature plants, beginning in July. Meanwhile, a governor-appointed task force will issue a final report on how the state should tax and regulate marijuana sales and commercial cultivation by December 15, 2018.
“Vermont is poised to make history by becoming the first state to legalize marijuana cultivation and possession legislatively, rather than by ballot initiative. We applaud lawmakers for heeding the calls of their constituents and taking this important step toward treating marijuana more like alcohol,” said Matt Simon, New England political director for the Marijuana Policy Project.
Fifty-seven percent of Vermont voters support allowing adults 21 and older to possess and grow limited amounts of marijuana, according to a statewide survey of 755 registered voters conducted in March by Public Policy Polling. Only 39% are opposed. Nationwide support is similarly strong. An October 2017 Gallup poll found 64% of Americans support making marijuana legal.
When the bill is signed, Vermont will become the ninth state to make marijuana legal for adults, and the first to do so through its legislature (all others were passed through a citizen’s initiative.
The post Vermont Lawmakers Approve Marijuana Legalization Bill appeared first on TheJointBlog.
“This is going to create chaos in the dozens of states whose voters have chosen to regulate medical and adult use marijuana rather than leaving it in the hands of criminals,” said Major Neill Franklin (Ret.), executive director of the Law Enforcement Action Partnership. “The administration’s decision to override voter will and the rights of states protected under the Tenth Amendment is going to throw the criminal justice system off balance, affecting not only those working tirelessly to bring the marijuana trade into the sunlight, but also thousands of state officials just trying to do their jobs.”
Major Franklin continues; “If enforcement of laws are subject to the whims of individual prosecutors, no one will have any idea what is legal or what isn’t – because it could change from day to day. There’s no greater headache for an officer of the law than not to know where those lines stand, which is exactly why the Cole Memo was put into place.”
Brian Vicente, co-author of the Colorado legalization initiative, Amendment 64, states that’ “Since August 2013, the ‘Cole Memo’ has served as guidance to prosecutors regarding prioritization and prosecutorial discretion with respect to federal marijuana law enforcement. It was not a law or binding policy and, as it explicitly stated, it never altered the Justice Department’s authority to enforce federal marijuana laws. The rescinding of the Cole Memo does not indicate any specific changes in enforcement policy, and it remains to be seen whether it will have any significant impact on the Department’s actions. U.S. attorneys had vast prosecutorial discretion before and they will continue to have the same level of discretion.”
Vincente says that; “We hope federal prosecutors will share the position that President Trump expressed during his campaign, when he stated that marijuana policy should ‘absolutely’ be left to the states. We also strongly encourage them to take into account the strong public support for letting states develop their own marijuana laws. Polls show nearly two-thirds of American voters — including a majority of Republicans — think marijuana should be legal for adult use. Even more have expressed opposition to the federal government interfering in state’s marijuana policy decisions.
“The regulated marijuana market is steadily replacing the criminal market while also creating tens of thousands of jobs and pumping hundreds of millions of dollars of tax revenue into state economies. It would be incredibly counterproductive for the federal government to roll back this progress and hand the marijuana industry back over to cartels and criminals. States like Colorado and Washington have demonstrated that regulating marijuana works. Officials in these states are doing more than ever before to control marijuana, and it would behoove federal authorities to work with them and not against them.”
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The Canadian Marijuana Stock Index has risen drastically over the past 30 days, going from 419.11 on December 4th, to 950.26 at the close of today’s market (January 3rd). This represents an 126% increase in just one month, one of the largest single-month increases ever seen for the Canadian marijuana stock market. A stat that’s equally impressive, however, is that the market has jumped roughly 365% in less than six months, going from 204.40 on July 10th, 2017, to 950.26 today. A little over a year prior, on March 28, 2016, the Canadian Marijuana Stock Index was at just 74.85; today’s index represents an over 1,100% increase.
The Canadian Marijuana Index “tracks the leading cannabis stocks operating in Canada”. Constituents must “have a business strategy focused on the marijuana or hemp industry”, and are also “required to meet our minimum trading criteria. The Index is “equal-weighted and rebalanced quarterly”.
The U.S. Marijuana Index has also seen a steady uptick in recent days, rising from 61.57 on December 6th, to 105.69 at the close of today’s market; a 71.6% increase.
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By Will Hyde, Leafly.comHere’s a list of the top 5 best smelling marijuana strains in Washington State: #1 | Lemonder by Seattle’s Private Reserve
Lemonder from Seattle’s Private Reserve is a 91-point strain that was awarded the Best Aroma in Washington State using Leafly’s Cannabis Rating System. While somewhat wispy in appearance, it was the only qualifying strain that scored perfectly for its aroma. The strain is a hybrid of Super Lemon Haze, OG Kush, and Lavender, and it produces a sweet citrus aroma with the added pungent zest of fruit when ground up. Its flavor is a fruity, floral experience that reminds me of candied orange.Find Lemonder Nearby
From the Tasting Notebook:
“Lemon, cream, spice, and some middle savory note that is mellowing the lemon in an unexpected way.” –Jeremiah Wilhelm, Strain Researcher#2 | White Tahoe Cookies by Royal Tree Gardens
Royal Tree Gardens has a diverse mix of aromas and flavors coming from their flowering rooms. Their White Tahoe Cookies is a prime example of the quality and consistency their garden produces. A 94-point strain overall, White Tahoe Cookies’ aroma is a compelling mix of its parent genetics, The White, Tahoe OG, and an unspecified GSC cut. This flower has a grape and berry sweetness that blends with notes of musky mint, pine, and skunky earth to complete its enchanting bouquet.Find White Tahoe Cookies Nearby
From the Tasting Notebook:
“Robust grape and berry notes charged with a hint of dank, musky Kush and a sweet finish. Aromas of mint, eucalyptus, and pine forest erupt when this bud is broken down into shake.” –Will Hyde, Cannabis Expert#3 | Gummo by Gabriel Cannabis
Gummo from Gabriel Cannabis is an irresistible 92-point strain that crosses the sweetness of Bubble Gum with the intricate citrus aroma of Orange Bud. The tight buds covered in fiery orange hairs emit an intense citrus sour with soft floral sweetness. The flavor follows suit with a sharper, spiced finish reminiscent of cinnamon and sandalwood. The resulting effects are immediate, heady, and introspective.Find Gummo Nearby
From the Tasting Notebook:
“Loud, ripe berry aroma that expands into a sweet citrus medley of mandarin and tangerine.” –Bailey Rahn, Strains & Products Editor
Gummo grown by Gabriel Cannabis. #4 | Blueberry Pancakes by Nebula Gardens
A truly amazing flower with a captivating, nuanced, and unique terpene profile, Blueberry Pancakes from Nebula Gardens really does emulate its namesake: a mix of berry notes that finish with a creamy touch of citrus, evoking memories of fresh baked muffins. Scoring 89 points overall and near perfect for its aroma, Blueberry Pancakes provides soothing effects that pair nicely with its pungent essence.Find Blueberry Pancakes Nearby
From the Tasting Notebook:
“Bright strawberry, wildflower, and sweet pine with doughy vanilla. Its aroma feels clarifying with diverse nuance.”–Bailey Rahn, Strains & Products Editor#5 | Golden Ticket by Khush Kush
An 87-point strain overall, Golden Ticket from Khush Kush is a flower with fragrant fruity notes of citrus and subtle undertones of tropical flowers. The nuanced smells of Golden Ticket were just a couple points shy of a perfect aroma score. Its complex smell gives way to fresh pine and spearmint flavors with just a touch of sharp lime upon exhale.Find Golden Ticket Nearby
From the Tasting Notebook:
“Sweet, floral, and sort of tropical like a papaya . Reminds me of a Trainwreck cross. When I grind it up, the aroma is even sweeter like a sour green apple or an overripe pineapple .” –Will Hyde, Cannabis Expert
The post The Top 5 Best Smelling Marijuana Strains in Washington appeared first on TheJointBlog.
For the study, researchers examined 79 adolescents ages 14 to 18, who were “classified as recent regular cannabis users (36) or light users (43).” Frequency and amount of substance use “were assessed across participants’ lifetime and during the past 30 days”, and motivation was measured “through the Apathy Evaluation Scale and Motivation and Engagement Scale.” To examine associations between cannabis use (CU) and motivation indices, researchers conducted a series of two-step hierarchical multiple regressions.
After controlling for confounds, “no significant differences were observed between regular and light users on any motivation index”, states the study. Similarly, “no associations between motivation and lifetime or past 30-day CU amount were observed”.
The study concludes by stating; “Our findings do not support a link between reduced motivation and CU among adolescents after controlling for relevant confounds.”
The full study, conducted by researchers at Florida International University, can be found by clicking here.
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The legislation, filed by Senator Gerald Ortiz y Pino, would amend the New Mexico constitution by adding a new section that reads: “Possession and personal use of marijuana shall be lawful by persons twenty-one years of age or older only if the legislature provides by law for:
A. the production, processing, transportation, sale, taxation and acceptable quantities and places of use of marijuana to protect public health and safety; and
B. any state revenue generated from the taxation of marijuana to be distributed to the general fund.”
Section 2 of Senate Joint Resolution 4 reads: “The amendment proposed by this resolution shall be submitted to the people for their approval or rejection at the next general election or at any special election prior to that date that may be called for that purpose.”
In February, New Mexico’s House Consumer and Public Affairs Committee voted 3 to 1 to advance a measure to legalize recreational cannabis. Unfortunately the bill failed to advance further in the legislative process.
The post Marijuana Legalization Bill Filed in New Mexico Legislature appeared first on TheJointBlog.
Below is our list (the fifth annual) of the 10 most important cannabis studies of the year (in no particular order):
- Study: If Legal Nationwide, Medical Marijuana Would Prevent 23,500 to 47,500 Premature Deaths Each Year
A study published by Indiana University South Bend found that cannabis use is associated with decreased rates of mortality from obesity, diabetes mellitus, taumatic brain injury, use of alcohol and prescription drugs, driving fatalities, and opioid overdose deaths.
According to the study, there would be “an estimated 23,500 to 47,500 deaths prevented annually if medical marijuana were legal nationwide”, and cannabis prohibition “is revealed as a major cause of premature death in the U.S.”
The statewide legalization of medical marijuana is associated with a reduction in hospitalization from opioids, according to a study conducted at the University of California, and published by both the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependency and the National Institute of Health.
According to a study by BDS Analytics; “Cannabis consumers, it turns out, are among the most well-adjusted and successful of American adults, based on results from BDS Analytics’ landmark cannabis consumer research study, the first of its kind in history. The ongoing study is the most comprehensive and detailed look at cannabis consumers ever conducted.”
Although memory performance decreases with age, marijuana can reverse these aging processes in the brain, according to a study published in the journal Nature Medicine.
“[THC] treatment completely reversed the loss of performance in the old animals,” reported Professor Andreas Zimmer from the Institute of Molecular Psychiatry at the University of Bonn and member of the Cluster of Excellence ImmunoSensation.
Cannabidiol (CBD) has beneficial effects in patients with schizophrenia, according to an exploratory double-blind parallel-group trial study published by the American Journal of Psychiatry.
“These findings suggest that CBD has beneficial effects in patients with schizophrenia”, states the study. “As CBD’s effects do not appear to depend on dopamine receptor antagonism, this agent may represent a new class of treatment for the disorder.”
- Single Dose of CBD Reduces Blood Pressure, Finds Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Crossover Study
Just a single dose of cannabidiol (CBD) reduces blood pressure, indicating it may play a role in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders, according to a study published by the journal JCI Insight.
“This data shows that acute administration of CBD reduces resting BP and the BP increase to stress in humans, associated with increased HR [heart rate]”, states researchers. “These hemodynamic changes should be considered for people taking CBD. Further research is required to establish whether CBD has a role in the treatment of cardiovascular disorders.”
Activation of the body’s cannabinoid receptors through spinal infusion is effective at blocking pain, according to a study published by the journal Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine.
Laws legalizing marijuana on the state level aren’t associated with increased traffic fatalities, according to astudy published in the American Journal of Public Health. For the study, researchers at the University of Texas-Austin evaluated crash fatality rates in Colorado and Washington before and after the states legalized cannabis for adult use, and they compared these rates to those of eight control states that had not enacted any significant changes in their marijuana laws.
“We found no significant association between recreational marijuana legalization in Washington and Colorado and subsequent changes in motor vehicle fatality rates in the first three years after recreational marijuana legalization,” the study concludes. Authors also reported no association between adult use marijuana legalization and the total number of non-fatal crashes.
Cannabinoids provide a potential treatment option for disorders associated with traumatic memories, according to a study published in the journal European Neuropsychopharmacology, and e-published ahead of print by the U.S. National Institute of Health.
According to a study being published in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (JAIDS), and published online by the U.S. National Institute of Health, Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) may help prevent the progression from HIV infection to the development of AIDS.
A study published by the journal Addiction Biology “strongly suggest” that cannabidiol (CBD) may be useful in the treatment of alcohol use disorders. For the study, researchers “evaluated the effects of cannabidiol (CBD) on ethanol reinforcement, motivation and relapse” in mice.” The effects of “CBD (60 mg/kg, i.p.) on blood ethanol concentration, hypothermia and handling-induced convulsions associated to acute ethanol administration were evaluated.”
According to a study published in the Journal of Urban Economics, the forced closure of marijuana dispensaries leads to an increase in crime. For the study, researchers at the University of Southern California examined the impact of dispensary closures on crime rates in Los Angeles. Crime data was analyzed in the days before and after the city ordered hundreds of dispensaries to be closed.
Regular administration of cannabis-based medicines is directly associated with improved speech in patients with Tourette Syndrome, according to a study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences.
Topical marijuana has the potential to improve pain management associated with wounds, according to a study published in the Journal of Pain Management and e-published ahead of print by the U.S. National Institute of Health.
“Clinically significant analgesia that was associated with reduced opioid utilization was noted in all 3 cases”, claims researchers. “TMC [topical medical cannabis] has the potential to improve pain management in patients suffering from wounds of all classes.”
You can find our list of the top 10 cannabis studies of 2016 by clicking here. You can find our list of the top 10 studies of 2015 by clicking here. For 2014’s list click here, and for 2013’s list click here.
During the November, 2016 election California voters chose to legalize marijuana, including establishing a system of licenses cannabis retail outlets, through the passage of Proposition 64. In just four days, the initiative goes into full effect, with licensed distribution becoming legal on January 1st.
The new law allows outlets with a state-issued license to distribute up to an ounce of cannabis for those 21 and older. Although most marijuana stores won’t be open on January 1st, the California Bureau of Cannabis Control (CBCC) has been issuing temporary licenses to certain businesses, including currently operating dispensaries, allowing them to begin sales at 6am on Monday.
“I know this sounds crazy, but we’re looking forward to Jan. 1,” says Lori Ajax, head of the CCBC. “This is what we’ve been waiting for, what we’ve been training for… It’s time.”
California is one of eight states across the U.S. that has legalized marijuana for recreational purposes, and on Monday they will become the fifth where legal sales are currently taking place, following Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska and Nevada.
The post California: Legal Marijuana Sales Begin in Four Days appeared first on TheJointBlog.
According to Mayo Clinic, pulmonary fibrosis is “a lung disease that occurs when lung tissue becomes damaged and scarred. This thickened, stiff tissue makes it more difficult for your lungs to work properly.” As pulmonary fibrosis worsens, “you become progressively more short of breath.”
The study’s abstract begins by stating that; “Activation of cannabinoid receptor type 2 [something done naturally through cannabis consumption] has been shown to have anti-fibrosis function in skin and heart. However, whether activating cannabinoid receptor type 2 inhibits pulmonary fibrosis remains elusive.” In this study, researchers “aimed to investigate the role of cannabinoid receptor type 2 in pulmonary fibrosis in vitro and in vivo.”
After conducting their investigation, researchers found the data to indicate that “activating cannabinoid receptor type 2 by a pharmacological method might be a potential strategy for pulmonary fibrosis”.
The full study, conducted by researchers at the Capital Medical University is Bejing, China, can be found by clicking here.
Arturo Tornel, spokesman for health regulator Cofepris, said that the agency plans to formally publish the regulation for pot-based goods within days, allowing those items to enter the Mexico market as soon as a month later, reports Reuters. Tornel notes that Cofepris expects distributors and retailers to import the items, with some companies eventually producing items in Mexico using marijuana grown abroad. The regulation does not apply to sales of pure marijuana.
Supporters of the move expect that it will help to reduce the wealth of drug cartels, which use marijuana as a major source of income.
Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru and Puerto Rico have also legalized medical marijuana, and in 2013 Uruguay become the first country to allow the commercial cultivation and distribution of cannabis. Canada will be legalizing the plant next year, and in the U.S. eight states have as well.
In 2015 Mexico’s Supreme Court granted four people the right to grow their own marijuana for personal consumption, opening the door to legalization.
The post Mexico to Legalize Marijuana-Based Products in Early 2018 appeared first on TheJointBlog.
The bill extends the Rohrabacher-Blumenauer amendment, initially passed in 2014, to January 19th. The amendment prohibits the Department of Justice – which includes the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) – from using funds to enforce federal cannabis laws in states that have legalized the plant for medical use. Trump signed the bill shortly after it was passed by both the Senate and House of Representatives.
“Patients around the country who rely on medical marijuana for treatment—and the businesses that serve them—now have some measure of certainty”, Representative Blumenauer, co-chair of the Congressional Cannabis Caucus, said after the measure was passed by Congress. “Our fight, however, continues to maintain these important protections in the next funding bill passed by Congress.”
The bill signed into law by Trump also extends protections for state laws that allow hemp to be cultivated for research purposes.
The post President Trump Signs Bill Temporarily Extending Medical Cannabis Protections appeared first on TheJointBlog.