Marijuana is now legal in nine states, and two U.S. territories could soon join them in ending prohibition.
Guam Gov. Eddie Calvo (R) included “legalizing the use and sale of recreational marijuana” in a list of revenue enhancements he sent to lawmakers for consideration on Monday.
And lawmakers in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) are holding a series of hearings on a marijuana legalization bill this week. Advocates expect they will decide whether to end cannabis prohibition or refer a ballot question to voters in the coming days.
If one or both of the remote Pacific territories ends cannabis prohibition, it would mark the start of the next phase of the legalization movement, bringing its reach to a new part of the globe.
In Guam, Calvo placed marijuana legalization legislation before lawmakers last year, but later rescinded support for his own plan in light of concerning signals the Trump administration was sending about the issue at the time.
But now, even though U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions has since removed earlier protections for state marijuana laws, Calvo appears to have changed his mind again.
His current push for legalization appears to come out of concern that the tax reform plan recently passed by congressional Republicans and signed into law by President Trump could impact the territory’s revenues.
“As a result of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017, I Liheslaturan Guåhan, with assistance from the Office of Finance and Budget, shall collaborate with I Maga’lahen Guåhan to determine the feasibility and implementation of the following items,” Calvo wrote in the fiscal realignment plan he sent to lawmakers.
Marijuana legalization is listed along with 15 other proposals, such as increasing alcohol and tobacco taxes, implementing rental car surcharges and adding a sales tax.
“It could be treated like alcohol and tobacco, and it could be taxed,” Calvo said in a radio appearance last week. “I’m one that may not philosophically believe in [legalization], but it’s about providing a stable government and a stable community.”
Guam has been slow to implement a medical cannabis measure approved by voters in 2014.
In CNMI, the Senate Judiciary, Government and Law Committee Committee has held a series of hearings on each of the territory’s major islands about a pending marijuana legalization bill.
As originally introduced, the legislation, if enacted, would refer the question of legalization to voters in the form of a ballot measure. But concerns have been raised about the constitutionality of that approach, and supporters are now considering amending the proposal to enact legalization solely through an act of lawmakers.
A hearing on the island of Saipan scheduled for Tuesday was postponed due to lack of quorum.
“We held the public hearing on Rota last night and the other Senators were not able to make back to Saipan for tonight’s public hearing,” Sen. Sixto Igisomar (R), the legalization bill’s sponsor, said in a Facebook post.
Advocates expect a committee vote to take place soon. If approved there, the legislation will go before the full Senate.
The moves to legalize cannabis in Guam and CNMI, in the face of anti-cannabis policy changes from the Trump administration, are part of a widespread pushback against federal prohibition laws that many see as outdated.
Days after Sessions’s enforcement policy change, for example, Vermont enacted a new marijuana legalization law. And four or more states are expected to vote on cannabis ballot measures later this year.
California Senator Dianne Feinstein, known familiarly as “Di-Fi,” has been an anchor of the Drug War and a political conservative who has repeatedly failed to represent the voters of the state and opted instead to represent federal authority right back at her home state. First elected in 1994 as a woman and a strong San […]
[2/27/18 update: Plaintiffs have stated their intent to appeal the court’s ruling.]
The 98-page complaint, filed in July 2017 by a legal team that includes New York attorney Michael Hiller, NORML Legal Committee member Joseph Bondy and Empire State NORML Director David Holland, contended that the federal government “does not believe, and upon information and belief never has believed” that cannabis meets the requirements for a Schedule I designation under the Controlled Substances Act. It further argued that current administrative mechanisms in place to allow for the reconsideration of cannabis Schedule I classification are “illusory.” Lawyers for the Justice Department argued for a dismissal of the suit, arguing: “There is no fundamental right to use marijuana, for medical purposes or otherwise.”
Presiding Judge Alvin K. Hellerstein sided with the federal government, opining in a 20-page ruling: “No such fundamental right (to possess or use cannabis) exists. Every court to consider the specific, carefully framed right at issue here has held that there is no substantive due process right to use medical marijuana.” The judge further ruled that plaintiffs had not yet exhausted all of the potential administrative remedies available to them — such as filing an administrative petition to reschedule cannabis with the US Drug Enforcement Administration — and therefore, it was inappropriate for the court to intervene. “There can be no complaint of constitutional error when such a process is designed to provide a safety valve of this kind,” he opined. “Judicial economy is not served through a collateral proceeding of this kind that seeks to undercut the regulatory machinery on the Executive Branch and the process of judicial review in the Court of Appeals.”
Judge Hellerstein also rejected plaintiffs’ claim that the federal law is unconstitutional because “it was passed with racial animus.” He held that plaintiffs lacked the standing to argue such a claim because they “have failed to demonstrate that a favorable decision is likely to redress plaintiffs’ alleged injuries,” such as a dismissal of their past criminal convictions.
With regard to the question of whether the plaintiffs legitimately benefited from cannabis as a medicinal agent, the judge argued that the merits of this claim was beyond the scope of the court. “Plaintiffs’ amended complaint, which I must accept as true for the purpose of this motion, claims that the use of medical marijuana has, quite literally, saved their lives,” he wrote. “I highlight plaintiffs’ experience to emphasize that this decision should not be understood as a factual finding that marijuana lacks any medical use in the United States, for the authority to make that determination is vested in the administrative process.” He added, “Even if marijuana has current medical uses, I cannot say that Congress acted irrationally in placing marijuana in Schedule I.”
Legal counsel for the plaintiffs have yet to publicly announce whether or not they intend to appeal Judge Hellerstein’s ruling.
A judge for the Federal District Court in Sacramento considered similar arguments in a 2014 legal challenge, also spearheaded by members of the NORML Legal Committee, but ultimately rejected them — ruling that plaintiffs failed to show that Congress acted irrationally when classifying cannabis as a schedule I controlled substance. “At some point in time, a court may decide this status to be unconstitutional,” the judge determined. “But this is not the court and not the time.”
Text of Judge Hellerstein’s decision in Washington et al. v. Sessions et al is online here.
In Singapore, drug trafficking offenses result in a mandatory death penalty, a law that has drawn the ire of international communities including the United Nations. However, apparently President Trump loves it, and he’s been telling friends for months that the country’s policy is the reason its drug consumption rates are so low.
“He says that a lot,” said a source who’s spoken to Trump at length about the subject. “He says, ‘When I ask the prime minister of Singapore do they have a drug problem [the prime minister replies,] ‘No. Death penalty’.”
According to the report; “He often jokes about killing drug dealers… He’ll say, ‘You know the Chinese and Filipinos don’t have a drug problem. They just kill them.'”
The report notes that:
- But the president doesn’t just joke about it. According to five sources who’ve spoken with Trump about the subject, he often leaps into a passionate speech about how drug dealers are as bad as serial killers and should all get the death penalty.
- Trump tells confidants a softer approach to drug reform — the kind where you show sympathy to the offenders and give them more lenient sentences — will never work.
- He tells friends and associates the government has got to teach children that they’ll die if they take drugs and they’ve got to make drug dealers fear for their lives.
- Trump has said he would love to have a law to execute all drug dealers here in America, though he’s privately admitted it would probably be impossible to get a law this harsh passed under the American system.
Last year President Donald Trump invited Phillipines President Rodrigo Duterte to the White House despite his murderous drug war that has led to the killing of over 7,000 people without trial.
The post President Trump Supports the Death Penalty for Drug Dealers appeared first on TheJointBlog.
Senate Bill 263 was given approval Thursday by the Kansas Senate in a 36 to 3 vote. The measure now moves to the House of Representatives, where passage would send it to Governor Jeff Colyer for consideration.
The proposed law – titled the Alternative Crop Research Act – would alter the definition of “marijuana” under the state’s controlled substances law to exclude “industrial hemp”. The measure would also allow the Kansas Department of Agriculture to cultivate and promote the research and development of industrial hemp. The Department would be given the choice of growing and researching the plant on their own accord, or they could coordinate with a college or university. Under supervision of the Department, individual farmers would also be allowed to grow hemp.
Senate Bill 263 would require the Department to promulgate rules and regulations for hemp cultivation by December 31 of this year.
The full text of the proposal – filed by Senator Dan Kerschen (who’s a farmer himself) – can be found by clicking here.
According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 34 states have passed similar laws allowing hemp to be cultivated either for commercial or research purposes.
The post Hemp Legalization Bill Approved by Full Kansas Senate appeared first on TheJointBlog.
“Corneal injury can result in dysfunction of corneal nociceptive signaling and corneal sensitization”, begins the study’s abstract. “Activation of the endocannabinoid system has been reported to be analgesic and anti-inflammatory.” The purpose of this research “was to investigate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of cannabinoids with reported actions at cannabinoid 1 (CB1R) and cannabinoid 2 (CB2R) receptors and/or noncannabinoid receptors in an experimental model of corneal hyperalgesia.”
Below describes the methods used for this study:
Corneal hyperalgesia (increased pain response) was generated using chemical cauterization of the corneal epithelium in wild-type (WT) and CB2R knockout (CB2R-/-) mice. Cauterized eyes were treated topically with the phytocannabinoids Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ8THC) or cannabidiol (CBD), or the CBD derivative HU-308, in the presence or absence of the CB1R antagonist AM251 (2.0 mg/kg i.p.), or the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY100635 (1 mg/kg i.p.). Behavioral pain responses to a topical capsaicin challenge at 6 h postinjury were quantified from video recordings. Mice were euthanized at 6 and 12 h postcorneal injury for immunohistochemical analysis to quantify corneal neutrophil infiltration.
After conducting the study, researchers found that; “Topical cannabinoids reduce corneal hyperalgesia and inflammation. The antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of Δ8THC are mediated primarily via CB1R, whereas that of the cannabinoids CBD and HU-308, involve activation of 5-HT1Areceptors and CB2Rs, respectively.”
The study concludes by stating that; “Cannabinoids could be a novel clinical therapy for corneal pain and inflammation resulting from ocular surface injury.”
The full study, conducted by researchers at Dalhousie University in Canada, can be found by clicking here.
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By Ken D.Pre-Filled Vape Cartridges – The Game Just Changed
- The ease of use
- The discreet nature of the vape pen
- The almost indiscernible scent of vaping cannabis with a pre-filled cartridge
With all these advantages there have been serious drawbacks
- The Cost of Pre-Filled Cartridges
- The lack of choice in flavors
- The Lack of Choice in Strains
You can have All the Benefits of pre-filled cartridges with None of the Drawbacks.
Check out this video and see how you can make your own pre-filled cartridge in 10 seconds and save a ton of money!
Not only can you turn $100 of concentrate into $800 worth of pre-filled cartridges. You can use wax, shatter, distillate, RSO, and most concentrates to make your own cannabis infused vape cartridges. Concentrates that have raw plant matter such as hash, kief and bubble hash are not recommended.
The freedom to use your favorite strain and create your own cartridge is something pre-filled cartridges just can’ match. Think about mixing a nice Sour Diesel Wax with some Pineapple to create your own tasty blend of vape juice that you can keep in your pen and carry with you.
You may wonder how can I make $800 of cartridges with $100 of concentrate? This is how easy it is.
- One Gram of Concentrate + Two milliliters of liquidizer = 3ml
- Pre-filled Cartridges hold .5 ml
- Three milliliters of cannabis vape juice = 6 cartridges
I buy 4 grams of concentrate for $100
I turn that into 12 milliliters of cannabis infused vape juice.
That makes 24 pre-filled cartridges I have been buying for $35 each
24 cartridges x $35 = $840
The cost of concentrates and pre-filled cartridges vary from state to state and dispensary to dispensary however there is no denying the savings you gain by spending 10 seconds to make your own cannabis infused pre-filled vape cartridges.
For more information on how to make your own cartridges check out https://www.waxliquidizer.com
The post Pre-Filled Vape Cartridges – The Game Just Changed appeared first on TheJointBlog.
Senate Bill 6 – filed by Senator Shelley Hughes – was passed today by the Alaska Senate in a unanimous 18 to 0 vote. The vote comes just a few days after the House of Representatives approved the bill, also unanimously (36 to 0). The measure now goes to Governor Walker, who can sign the measure into law, allow it to become law without his signature, or veto it (though the legislature can overturn a veto with a 2/3rds majority).
The proposed law legalizes industrial hemp by separating hemp from the definition of marijuana. This would remove hemp from the state’s controlled substances list, allowing it to be grown as an agricultural commodity. Senate Bill 6 also clarifies that “cannabidiol oil is not included in the definition of “hashish oil””,and clarifies that “adding industrial hemp to food does not create an adulterated food product”.
“It was time to remove hemp from the marijuana statutes,” Hughes said. “There’s no psychoactive impact from hemp. If you were to smoke acres and acres and acres of hemp, all you would get would be a sore throat and a cough.”
Hughes continues; “I just want to use Alaska hemp. It’s been frustrating for us, just because our business is entirely made up of products that we wild-craft or grow ourselves. And so the hemp seed oil, that would just change everything for us, to have it completely Alaska-grown and made herbs and plants in our products.”
The full text of Senate Bill 6 can be found by clicking here.
The post Alaska Bill to Legalize Hemp Passed by Legislature, Sent to Governor appeared first on TheJointBlog.
Marijuana is now legal for recreational use in nine states. It’s legal for medical in over 30. Clearly, marijuana has become, or at the very least is quickly becoming, completely mainstream. Because of this, the market for marijuana has exploded. Hundreds of various strains are being offered throughout the country. Despite the vast number of strains, there are 10 strains that are the clear favorites among cannabis consumers. Using data compiled by Leafly, below is a list of the 10 most popular strains at this moment.
Blue Dream is a sativa-dominant strain has retained its popularity for years. A dispensary or cannabis store that doesn’t have Blue Dream is a rarity. This cross between the indica-dominant Blueberry and the sativa-dominant Haze has a smooth, uplifting high. It’s known forits delicious blueberry-tinged taste and smell.
Sour Diesel is another mainstay of the cannabis world. A cross betweem Super Skunk and Chemdawg. It has unique and strong diesel-like smell, and an energetic yet potent high.
This hybrid is a cross between OG Kush and Durban Poison. It brings with it a powerful high, and a sweet, immediately recognizable taste.
Despite an unfortunate name Green Crack is a growingly popular and respected strain. It has an extremely energetic high and powerful body buzz, and its sweet, ofttimes citrusy flavor and smell make it stand out from the crowd.
OG Kush has been one of the most popular marijuana strains for years. The classic combo of Hindu Kush and Chemdawg has an earthy and piney flavor.
Granddaddy Purple is a powerful, well-loved indica. An excellent mix of Big Bud and Purple Urkle, this strain has a sweet, often berry-like flavor. Most people know this strain for its dense, kiefy nuggets.
Jack Herer – named after the legendary activist and author – is a sativa-dominant cross between Northern Lights and Shiva Skunk. It has a piney smell and flavor with a backdrop of citrus, and a smooth, even high.
White Widow’s popularity is due to its energetic, uplifting and powerful high; its uniquely earthy flavor and smell also help it stand out. This strain is a mix between South American Sativa and South Indian Indica.
Gorilla Glue #4 has shot into prominence over the past few years; it’s quickly become one of the most popular marijuana strains. It won the 2014 Los Angeles and Michigan Cannabis Cups, as well as the High Times Jamaican Cannabis World Cup. Given its status as a balanced and tasty hybrid, it’s likely to remain popular for years to come.
Bubba Kush is a powerful indica-dominant strain, known for its heavy relaxation-inducing effects.